Observation Unit: Recognizing Constellations, Understanding and explaining the causes of moon phases, solar and lunar eclipses, daily and monthly tides, and seasonal change. Primary Assessment is a test. Additional assessments include star quizzes and thought questions. There are regular and accelerated versions of the test.

New York Geology Unit: To understand the formation of Eastern NY and Western MA, I will be introducing concepts about plate tectonics, weathering, erosion, fossilization, evolution, glaciation and the rock cycle. Primary Assessment for Earth Science is a day by day time machine travel log explaining the geology seen on the trip to an imaginary friend. The accelerated students will be writing a chronological explanation of the geologic evolution Eastern NY and Western MA using background readings and incorporating evidence collected on the trip. There will also be thought questions.